The hemolysin of Vibrio mimicus (VMH) is a pore-forming toxin with both enterotoxic and hemolytic activity. The hemolysis by VMH is induced by creation of pores in the membrane of erythrocyte; however, the mechanism for the enterotoxic action of VMH has remained unclear. In order to clarify the mechanism, we incubated T84 cells (a human colon carcinoma cell line) with VMH and found that the levels of ATP and cyclic AMP of culture medium increased after exposure of the cells to VMH. Subsequently, we found that the fluid accumulating activity off VMH in a mouse internal loop assay was reduced by administration of glibenclamide, an inhibitor of cyclic AMP-dependent chloride channels, into the intestinal loop. These results suggest that the stimulation of cells to produce nucleotides by VMH is linked to the enterotoxic activity of the toxin.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||MICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2005|
- Cyclic AMP
- Pore-forming toxin
- Vibrio mimicus
ASJC Scopus subject areas