A genome-wide association study reveals a quantitative trait locus for calf mortality on chromosome 9 in Japanese Black cattle

S. Sasaki, T. Ibi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Calf mortality is a major problem affecting cattle production. To identify genetic variants associated with calf mortality in Japanese Black cattle, we evaluated calf mortality as a categorical trait using a threshold model and conducted a GWAS. We identified two SNPs between 32 549 297 and 32 606 924 bp on bovine chromosome 9 that were significantly associated with calf mortality from 61 to 180 days after birth. The SNP showing the highest association was localized at a region 624 bp downstream of exon 4 of the anti-silencing function 1A histone chaperone gene (ASF1A) that promotes DNA damage repair, and the null mice, which exhibit pre- and postnatal lethality. This association was also detected using the breeding value of 334 sires. The frequency of the risk allele in Japanese Black cattle from locations across Japan was 0.013; although the frequency of ASF1A risk allele was low, it is widespread in the Japanese Black cattle population. Thus, it may be necessary to routinely monitor the cattle population for the presence of this allele.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-216
Number of pages3
JournalAnimal Genetics
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • SNP
  • beef cattle
  • postnatal mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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