A functional cutin matrix is required for plant protection against water loss

Guoxiong Chen, Takao Komatsuda, Jian Feng Ma, Chao Li, Naoki Yamaji, Eviatar Nevo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The plant cuticle, a cutin matrix embedded with and covered by wax, seals the aerial organ's surface to protect the plant against uncontrolled water loss. The cutin matrix is essential for the cuticle to function as a barrier to water loss. Recently, we identified from wild barley a drought supersensitive mutant, eibi1, which is caused by a defective cutin matrix as the result of the loss of function of HvABCG31, an ABCG full transporter. Here, we report that eibi1 epidermal cells contain lipid-like droplets, which are supposed to consist of cutin monomers that have not been transported out of the cells. The eibi1 cuticle is fragile due to a defective cutin matrix. The rice ortholog of the EIBI1 gene has a similar pattern of expression, young shoot but not flag leaf blade, as the barley gene. The model of the function of Eibi1 is discussed. The HvABCG31 full transporter functions in the export of cutin components and contributed to land plant colonization, hence also to terrestrial life evolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1297-1299
Number of pages3
JournalPlant Signaling and Behavior
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2011

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Keywords

  • ABC transporter
  • Cuticle
  • Cuticular wax
  • Drought resistance
  • Inclusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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