A full martian year of line-of-sight extinction within Gale Crater, Mars as acquired by the MSL Navcam through sol 900

The MSL Science Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on line-of-sight extinction in northern Gale Crater, Mars as seen by the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover, Curiosity from sol 100 to sol 900; a little more than an entire martian year. Navcam images oriented due north, which show the distant crater rim, the near ground and the sky allow the extinction due to dust within the crater to be determined. This line-of sight extinction is compared to a complementary dataset of column extinctions derived from Mastcam. The line-of-sight extinction within the crater is less than the column extinction for the majority of the martian year. This implies that the relatively low mixing ratio of dust within the crater as compared to the atmosphere above the crater rim persists through most of the year. This suggests relatively little mixing between the atmosphere above the crater and the atmosphere inside the crater and suggests that northern Gale Crater is a net sink of dust in the current era. The data does however show a yearly convergence of the line-of-sight extinction and the column-averaged extinction around Ls= 270-290° This suggests that air above the crater mixes with air in the crater at this time, as predicted by mesoscale models. Matching line-of-sight and column extinction values are also seen around Ls≈ 135°, a season that has only been observed once in this dataset, this is particularly interesting as the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station onboard Curiosity reports increased convective boundary layer heights in the same season.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-108
Number of pages7
JournalIcarus
Volume264
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mars craters
craters
line of sight
crater
Mars
extinction
dust
rims
atmospheres
atmosphere
laboratory
science
environmental monitoring
air
convective boundary layer
mixing ratios
sinks
sky
mixing ratio
boundary layers

Keywords

  • Atmosphere, dynamics
  • Atmosphere, structure
  • Mars
  • Mars, atmosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

A full martian year of line-of-sight extinction within Gale Crater, Mars as acquired by the MSL Navcam through sol 900. / The MSL Science Team.

In: Icarus, Vol. 264, 15.01.2016, p. 102-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We report on line-of-sight extinction in northern Gale Crater, Mars as seen by the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover, Curiosity from sol 100 to sol 900; a little more than an entire martian year. Navcam images oriented due north, which show the distant crater rim, the near ground and the sky allow the extinction due to dust within the crater to be determined. This line-of sight extinction is compared to a complementary dataset of column extinctions derived from Mastcam. The line-of-sight extinction within the crater is less than the column extinction for the majority of the martian year. This implies that the relatively low mixing ratio of dust within the crater as compared to the atmosphere above the crater rim persists through most of the year. This suggests relatively little mixing between the atmosphere above the crater and the atmosphere inside the crater and suggests that northern Gale Crater is a net sink of dust in the current era. The data does however show a yearly convergence of the line-of-sight extinction and the column-averaged extinction around Ls= 270-290° This suggests that air above the crater mixes with air in the crater at this time, as predicted by mesoscale models. Matching line-of-sight and column extinction values are also seen around Ls≈ 135°, a season that has only been observed once in this dataset, this is particularly interesting as the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station onboard Curiosity reports increased convective boundary layer heights in the same season.",
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AU - Lemmon, Mark T.

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AU - Francis, Raymond

AU - Pla-García, Jorge

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