A DNA marker closely linked to the vrs1 locus (row-type gene) indicates multiple origins of six-rowed cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

K. Tanno, S. Taketa, K. Takeda, T. Komatsuda

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52 Citations (Scopus)


The origin of six-rowed cultivated barley was studied using a DNA marker cMWG699 closely linked to the vrs1 locus. Restriction patterns of the PCR-amplified product of the cMWG699 locus were examined in 280 cultivated (Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare) and 183 wild (H. vulgare ssp. spontaneum) barleys. Nucleotide sequences of the PCR products were also examined in selected accessions. Six-rowed cultivated barleys were divided into two distinct groups, types I and II. Type I six-rowed cultivated barley was distributed widely while type II six-rowed cultivated barley was found only in the Mediterranean region. The type I sequence was also found in a wild barley accession from Turkmenistan whereas the type II sequence was also found in a two-rowed cultivated barley from North Africa and a wild barley from Morocco. These results suggested that the six-rowed type I and II barleys were derived from two-rowed type I and II barleys, respectively, by independent mutations at the vrs1 locus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-60
Number of pages7
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2002
Externally publishedYes



  • Barley
  • Nucleotide sequence
  • Origin
  • Six-rowed
  • The vrs1 locus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

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