A distinct function of the retinoblastoma protein in the control of lipid composition identified by lipidomic profiling

H. Muranaka, A. Hayashi, K. Minami, S. Kitajima, S. Kohno, Y. Nishimoto, N. Nagatani, M. Suzuki, L. A.N. Kulathunga, N. Sasaki, N. Okada, T. Matsuzaka, H. Shimano, H. Tada, C. Takahashi

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here, by combining lipidomics with transcriptome analysis, we demonstrate that Rb depletion in mouse embryonic fibroblastss induces significant alterations in their lipid composition. We discovered that Rb depletion induced increase in lysophosphatidylserine, diacylglycerol (DAG), fatty acid (FA), acylcarnitine, phosphatidylcholine (PC), arachidonoyl ethanolamine, and decrease in phosphatidylglycerol, monoacylglycerol, without change in total lipid per protein levels. Analysis of the acyl chain composition of DAG, PC and phosphatidylserine revealed increase of saturated and mono-unsaturated acyl chains with specific carbon chain length. Consistently, we observed that Rb depletion increased the levels of fatty acids with the corresponding carbon chain length and number of carbon–carbon double bondssuch as myristic acid (14:0), palmitic acid (16:0), stearic acid (18:0) and all forms of FA 18:1. Microarray analysis revealed that Rb depletion induced significant upregulation of enzymes involved in elongation and desaturation of fatty acids. Among these, we found that elongation of long chain fatty acid family member 6 (Elovl6) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (Scd1) are the most robustly controlled by Rb possibly through E2F and sterol regulatory element-binding protein transcription factors. Depletion of Elovl6 or Scd1 significantly suppressed colony formation, sphere formation and xenograft tumor growth of Rb-deficient tumor cells. Suppression of self-renewal by the SCD1 inhibitor was rescued upon supplementation of the mono-unsaturated fatty acids generated by this enzyme. This study suggests a novel role for Rb in suppressing the malignant progression of tumors by controlling the lipid composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e350
JournalOncogenesis
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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    Muranaka, H., Hayashi, A., Minami, K., Kitajima, S., Kohno, S., Nishimoto, Y., Nagatani, N., Suzuki, M., Kulathunga, L. A. N., Sasaki, N., Okada, N., Matsuzaka, T., Shimano, H., Tada, H., & Takahashi, C. (2017). A distinct function of the retinoblastoma protein in the control of lipid composition identified by lipidomic profiling. Oncogenesis, 6(6), e350. https://doi.org/10.1038/oncsis.2017.51