A computational study of cobalt-catalyzed C-H iodination reactions using a bidentate directing group with molecular iodine

Ken Yamazaki, Yadagiri Kommagalla, Yusuke Ano, Naoto Chatani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A computational methodology was used to collect detailed mechanistic information on the cobalt-catalyzed C-H iodination of aromatic amides with molecular iodine using an N,N′-bidentate directing group. Based on the calculations, the C-H activation step proceeds through a singlet state concerted metalation-deprotonation (CMD) pathway through an agostic intermediate, and a single electron transfer (SET) pathway was found to be theoretically impossible. A strong correlation between singlet-triplet energy gaps and the spin densities of the cobalt atom is observed. We also studied the impact of ligands on the CMD pathway. The iodination step proceeds via a triplet state redox-neutral electrophilic cleavage (EC) pathway. The cobalt catalyst in C-H activation reactions exists in complex electronic states, and experimental mechanistic studies such as low kinetic isotope effects and radical scavenger inhibition results may be misleading with respect to the actual mechanism for such reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-543
Number of pages7
JournalOrganic Chemistry Frontiers
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 21 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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