A complete series of stepwise oxidation of [Co(2-pyridinethiolato)(en)2]2+. Characterization of the 2-pyridinesulfenato-N,S and -N,O, 2-pyridinesulfinato-N,S and -N,O, and 2-pyridinesulfonato-N,O complexes

Mayumi Murata, Masaaki Kojima, Ayako Hioki, Miho Miyagawa, Masakazu Hirotsu, Kiyohiko Nakajima, Masakazu Kita, Setsuo Kashino, Yuzo Yoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The H2O2 oxidation of [Co(pyt)(en)2]2+ [1, pyt = 2-pyridinethiolate(1-) ion, en = ethylene- diamine] afforded the orange [Co(Pyse-N,S)(en)2]2+ [2, pyse = 2-pyridinesulfenate(1-) ion] complex. Irradiation of this orange complex in the solid state yielded a green complex. The molecular structure of the green complex perchlorate was determined by X-ray diffraction to be [Co(pyse-N,O)(en)2](ClO4)2 (4); linkage isomerization took place upon photolysis. The crystal data and final R value are: triclinic, P1, a = 9.374(4) Å, b = 11.248(4) Å, c = 9.238(8) Å, α = 95.26(4)°, β = 95.14(5)°, γ = 75.75(3)°, V = 938(2) Å3, Z = 2 and R = 0.040 for 2757 unique reflections. The pyse-N,O complex has an anomalous feature in the UV-vis spectrum. It has an extra band (16 400 cm-1) on the low-energy side of the first d-d absorption band (22 200 cm-1). This band can be rationalized as a splitting component of the first d-d band generated by the anisotropic interaction of the antibonding π* orbital of the coordinating oxygen with the t2g orbitals on the cobalt center. Treatment of [Co(pyt)(en)2]2+ with excess H2O2 afforded the yellow-orange sulfinato-N,S complex, [Co(pysi-N,S)(en)2]2+ [3, pysi = 2-pyridinesulfinate(1-) ion]. The molecular structure of the pysi-N,S complex was determined by X-ray diffraction to be [Co(pysi-N,S)(en)2](ClO4)2 (3), which cocrystallized with the pysi- N,O complex (5). The crystal data and final R value for the cocrystal (3/5) are: monoclinic, C2, a = 28.559(8) Aπ, b = 6.960(2) Aπ, c = 10.406(3) Aπ, β = 99.90 (2)°, V = 2038(2) Aπ3, Z = 4 and R = 0.040 for 2391 unique reflections. The pysi-N,S complex was unstable and was easily converted photochemically or thermally to the linkage-isomerized orange pysi-N,O complex (5). The sulfur atom becomes chiral (R and S) upon linkage isomerization, and two kinds of racemic salt, Λ(R)Δ(S) and Λ(S)Δ(R), were separated by fractional crystallization of the complex perchlorate. The molecular structure of the less soluble isomer (Λ(S)Δ(R)-5) of the perchlorate was determined by X-ray diffraction to be Λ(S)Δ(R)-[Co (pysi- N,O)(en)2](ClO4)2. The crystal data and final R value are: triclinic, P1, a = 9.384(4) Å, b = 11.807(8) Å, c = 8.640(5) Å, α = 98.54(5)°, β = 94.40(4)°, γ = 96.65(5)°, V = 936(2) Å3, Z = 2 and R = 0.038 for 3061 unique reflections. The two diastereomers of Λ-[Co(pysi-N,O)(en)2]2+ were separated by SP-Sephadex column chromatography, and one of them (Λ(R)-5) was structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. Λ(R)-[Co(pysi-N,O) (en)2](ClO4)2, which crystallizes as orthorhombic in space group P212121 with Z = 4, has the cell parameters a = 9.896(2) Å, b = 20.758(6) Å, c = 9.494(4) Å, V = 1950(2) Å3. The final R value was 0.041 for 1543 unique reflections. Kinetic studies of reversible isomerization (epimerization) between Λ(R)- and Λ(S)-[Co(pysi-N,O)(en)2]2+ were performed in aqueous solutions at 60°C. The rate constants were kΛ(R)→Λ(S) = 5.5 × 10-6 s-1 and kΛ(S)→Λ(R) = 1.7 × 10-6 s-1. The orange-red [Co(pyso-N,O)(en)2]2+ [6, pyso = 2-pyridinesulfonate(1-) ion] complex was prepared by the reaction of cis-[Co{OS(O)2CF3}2(en)2] + with the 2-pyridinesulfonate ligand or by the oxidation of [Co(pyse-N,O)(en)2]2+ (4) with H2O2. The molecular structure of the trifluoromethanesulfonate salt of complex 6 was determined by X-ray diffraction. [Co(pyso-N,O)(en)2](CF3SO3)2 crystallizes as monoclinic in space group P21/a with Z = 4. The cell parameters are a = 19.079(8) Å, b = 16.699(6) Å, c = 7.462(4) Å, β =100.51(4)°, V = 2338(2) Å3. The final R value was 0.050 for 3966 unique reflections. The pyso ligand has the strongest ligand field strength among the ligands studied here. A series of sulfur oxidation from [Co(pyt)(en)2]2+ to [Co(pyso-N,O)(en)2]2+ is established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-131
Number of pages23
JournalCoordination Chemistry Reviews
Volume174
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cobalt complexes
  • Ligand oxidation
  • Sulfenato complexes
  • Sulfinato complexes
  • Sulfonato complexes
  • Thiolato complexes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A complete series of stepwise oxidation of [Co(2-pyridinethiolato)(en)<sub>2</sub>]<sup>2+</sup>. Characterization of the 2-pyridinesulfenato-N,S and -N,O, 2-pyridinesulfinato-N,S and -N,O, and 2-pyridinesulfonato-N,O complexes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this