TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparison of two-dimensional techniques for converting magnetocardiogram maps into effective current source distributions

AU - Ogata, K.

AU - Kandori, A.

AU - Miyashita, T.

AU - Sekihara, K.

AU - Tsukada, K.

PY - 2011/1/1

Y1 - 2011/1/1

N2 - The aim of this study was to develop a method for converting the pseudo two-dimensional current given by a current-arrow map (CAM) into the physical current. The physical current distribution is obtained by the optimal solution in a least mean square sense with Tikhonov regularization (LMSTR). In the current dipole simulation, the current pattern differences (ΔJ) between the results of the CAM and the LMSTR with several regularization parameters (α = 10-1-10-15) are calculated. In magnetocardiographic (MCG) analysis, the depth (zd) of a reconstruction plane is chosen by using the coordinates of the sinus node, which is estimated from MCG signals at the early p-wave. The ΔJs at p-wave peaks, QRS-complex peaks, and T-wave peaks of MCG signals for healthy subjects are calculated. Furthermore, correlation coefficients and regression lines are also calculated from the current values of the CAM and the LMSTR during p-waves, QRS-complex, and T-waves of MCG signals. In the simulation, the ΔJs (α ≈ 10-10) had a minimal value. The ΔJs (α = 10-10) at p-wave peaks, QRS-complex peaks, and T-wave peaks of MCG signals for healthy subjects also had minimal value. The correlation coefficients of the current values given by the CAM and the LMSTR (α = 10-10) were greater than 0.9. Furthermore, slopes (y) of the regression lines are correlated with the depth (zd) (r = -0.93). Consequently, the CAM value can be transformed into the LMSTR current value by multiplying it by the slope (y) obtained from the depth (zd). In conclusion, the result given by the CAM can be converted into an effective physical current distribution by using the depth (zd).

AB - The aim of this study was to develop a method for converting the pseudo two-dimensional current given by a current-arrow map (CAM) into the physical current. The physical current distribution is obtained by the optimal solution in a least mean square sense with Tikhonov regularization (LMSTR). In the current dipole simulation, the current pattern differences (ΔJ) between the results of the CAM and the LMSTR with several regularization parameters (α = 10-1-10-15) are calculated. In magnetocardiographic (MCG) analysis, the depth (zd) of a reconstruction plane is chosen by using the coordinates of the sinus node, which is estimated from MCG signals at the early p-wave. The ΔJs at p-wave peaks, QRS-complex peaks, and T-wave peaks of MCG signals for healthy subjects are calculated. Furthermore, correlation coefficients and regression lines are also calculated from the current values of the CAM and the LMSTR during p-waves, QRS-complex, and T-waves of MCG signals. In the simulation, the ΔJs (α ≈ 10-10) had a minimal value. The ΔJs (α = 10-10) at p-wave peaks, QRS-complex peaks, and T-wave peaks of MCG signals for healthy subjects also had minimal value. The correlation coefficients of the current values given by the CAM and the LMSTR (α = 10-10) were greater than 0.9. Furthermore, slopes (y) of the regression lines are correlated with the depth (zd) (r = -0.93). Consequently, the CAM value can be transformed into the LMSTR current value by multiplying it by the slope (y) obtained from the depth (zd). In conclusion, the result given by the CAM can be converted into an effective physical current distribution by using the depth (zd).

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U2 - 10.1063/1.3529440

DO - 10.1063/1.3529440

M3 - Article

C2 - 21280846

AN - SCOPUS:79551669060

VL - 82

JO - Review of Scientific Instruments

JF - Review of Scientific Instruments

SN - 0034-6748

IS - 1

M1 - 014302

ER -