A compact representation of spatio-temporal slip distribution on a rupturing fault

Hiroshi Takenaka, Yushiro Fujii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a mathematical representation to qualitatively describe the spatio-temporal slip evolution during earthquake rupture in an efficient and easy-to-use manner for numerical simulations of strong ground motion. It is based on three basis functions and associated expansion coefficients. It is an extension of the approach of Ide and Takeo, (J Geophys Res, 102:27379-27391, 1997). We compare our approach and theirs using simple kinematic source models to illustrate differences between the two approaches, and show that our approach more accurately represents the spatio-temporal slip evolution. We also propose a technique based on our representation for extracting a spatio-temporal slip velocity function from a kinematic source model obtained by the conventional source inversion. We then demonstrate the feasibility of our procedure with application to an inverted source model of the 26 March 1997 Northwestern Kagoshima, Japan, earthquake (MW 6.1). In the simulations for actual earthquakes, source models obtained from kinematic source inversions are commonly employed. Our scheme could be used as an interpolation method of slip time functions from relatively coarse finite-source models obtained by conventional kinematic source inversions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-293
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Seismology
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Kinematic source model
  • Simulation
  • Slip velocity
  • Strong motion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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