A case of type 1 facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) with restrictive ventilatory defect and congestive heart failure

Nobutoshi Morimoto, Mizuki Morimoto, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Motonori Takamiya, Ichizo Nishino, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

[Background] Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is an autosomal dominant muscle disease characterized by asymmetric involvement of muscles in the face, upper extremity, trunk, and lower extremity regions, with variable severity. It was recently reported that restrictive respiratory involvement is more frequent and severe than previously recognized, while cardiac dysfunction other than arrhythmia is still considered extremely rare in FSHD. [Case report] A 59-year-old man presenting with marked muscle atrophy in the trunk and asymmetrical muscle atrophy in the legs was hospitalized because of dyspnea and edema in the face and limbs. Shortness of breath with body movement started from approximately 40 years of age. Muscle biopsy revealed myopathic change with mild to moderate variation in fiber size. The diagnosis of FSHD was made by D4Z4 contraction to three repeats on genetic testing. A pulmonary function test revealed a decline of forced vital capacity (FVC) and a preserved FEV1/FVC indicating restrictive ventilatory defect (RVD). Ultrasonic echocardiogram (UCG) showed diffuse left ventricular hypokinesis, ventricular septum thickening, pericardial effusion, and decreased ejection fraction (LVEF 30%). [Conclusion] Although restrictive ventilatory defect and congestive heart failure are uncommon in FSHD, respiratory and cardiac evaluation may be necessary in patients with FSHD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100284
JournaleNeurologicalSci
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Congestive heart failure (CHF)
  • Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD)
  • Restrictive ventilatory defect (RVD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

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