A case of seropositive autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy with diffuse esophageal spasm

Nobutoshi Morimoto, Sakuma Takahashi, Tomoki Inaba, Motonori Takamiya, Yasuhiko Kageyama, Mizuki Morimoto, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Hirotake Nishimura, Shunya Nakane, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG) is an immune-mediated disorder that leads to various autonomic failures associated with anti-ganglionic acetylcholine receptor antibodies (anti-gAChR-Abs). Diffuse esophageal spasm (DES) is an uncommon esophageal motility disorder. We herein report the case of a 68-year-old woman with DES as a partial symptom of AAG. She presented with chronic esophageal transit failure, constipation, and numbness of the hands and feet, Adie's pupil, thermal hypoalgesia, and decreased deep tendon reflexes. Right sural nerve biopsy showed significantly decreased numbers of small myelinated fibers. Barium swallowing X-ray showed repetitive simultaneous contractions indicating DES in the esophagus. Gastrointestinal endoscopy and CT image showed a dilated esophageal lumen and liquid effusion. Simultaneously, serum anti-gAChR-α3-Ab indicating AAG was detected. After pulse intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP) and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (IVIg), the bolus progression and liquid effusion improved, suggesting that DES is an important gastrointestinal symptom of AAG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-92
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Anti-ganglionic acetylcholine receptor α3 antibody
  • Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG)
  • Diffuse esophageal spasm (DES)
  • Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (IVIg)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Morimoto, N., Takahashi, S., Inaba, T., Takamiya, M., Kageyama, Y., Morimoto, M., Takahashi, Y., Nishimura, H., Nakane, S., & Abe, K. (2017). A case of seropositive autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy with diffuse esophageal spasm. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 39, 90-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2017.01.027