A case of an adrenocorticotropic hormone-producing pituitary adenoma removed via electromagnetic-guided neuroendoscopy

Yusuke Tomita, Kazuhiko Kurozumi, Tomohiro Terasaka, Kenichi Inagaki, Fumio Otsuka, Isao Date

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of navigation systems is safe and reliable for neurological surgery. We performed endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery to totally resect an adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) -producing pituitary adenoma associated with oculomotor nerve palsy. A 70-year-old woman developed right ptosis 4 months before admission. She developed anisocoria 2 months later and was referred to the department of neurology from clinic. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MR1) showed an intrasellar tumor that partially invaded the right cavernous sinus, and she was then referred to our department. She exhibited a round face ("moon face") and central obesity. Laboratory test results showed a high urinary Cortisol level and high serum ACTH level, and neither the serum Cortisol nor ACTH level was suppressed by a low-dose dexamethasone test. We performed transsphenoidal surgery using high-dimensional endoscopy under electromagnetic navigation. The tumor invading the cavernous sinus was visualized via endoscopy and confirmed on navigation using a flexible needle probe. Postoperative MRI showed total removal of the tumor, and the serum ACTH level recovered to the normal range. The patient's right oculomotor palsy resolved within 1 week postoperatively. In summary, electromagnetic navigation was useful for total resection of a pituitary tumor invading the cavernous sinus, contributing to normalization of the ACTH level and improvement in neurological symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-479
Number of pages7
JournalNeurological Surgery
Volume44
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery
  • Magnetic navigation
  • Oculomotor palsy
  • Pituitary adenoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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