Background: We determined mid to long-term results of total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) by use of unlinked elbow prostheses with solid alumina ceramic trochleae, and ceramic ulnar stems (stemmed Kyocera type I; SKC-I) for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Patients and methods: Fifty-four elbows of 39 patients were available for detailed clinical and radiographic review after a follow-up period of at least 5 years. The mean follow-up period was 12.6 years (range 5-22 years). Clinical condition before and after surgery was assessed by use of a modified version of the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS; 0-100 points) and a Japan Orthopaedic Association Elbow score (JOA score; 0-100 points). The radiographs were reviewed and loosening was defined as a progressive radiolucent line >1 mm wide that was completely circumferential around the prosthesis. Clinical records of post-operative events affecting the elbows were used for survival analysis of the prostheses using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The average modified MEPS and JOA scores improved significantly from 39.7 ± 14.3 to 44.7 ± 9.4, respectively, pre-operatively, to 89.7 ± 15.4 and 83.1 ± 12.8, respectively, post-operatively ( P < 0.0001). The functional assessment score also improved from 4.9 ± 2.8 to 8.5 ± 3.3 points (P < 0.0001). With loosening or implant revision defined as end points, the likelihood of survival of the prosthesis for up to 20 years was 92.6% (95% confidence interval (CI), 85.6-100.0) or 86.3% (95% CI 75.0-97.6), respectively. Conclusion: Satisfactory clinical results were obtained after TEA using SKC-I prostheses, which provided excellent pain relief and functional range of motion. The results of our study reveal the high reliability over a long period of the cemented SKC-I prosthesis with an alumina ceramic component.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine