The amyloid β protein with 42 amino acid residues (Aβ), which is a causative protein of Alzheimer's disease (AD), forms the complex with copper (II) to induce the cholesterol oxidase-like activity by the proton transfer from the cholesterol. In this study, the oxidation of cholesterol by Aβ/Cu complex was investigated on the surface of the zwitterionic phospholipid liposome including the bound water advantageous for the enhancement of the proton transfer. The bound water was pooled by the formation of cholesterol-rich domain within liposomes. The resulting reactivity was enhanced by the proton transfer mediated by the bound water.
- Alzheimer's disease
- Amyloid β/Cu Complex
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology