ω-carboxyl variants of 7-ketocholesteryl esters are ligands for β2-glycoprotein I and mediate antibody-dependent uptake of oxidized LDL by macrophages

Qingping Liu, Kazuko Kobayashi, Jun Ichi Furukawa, Junko Inagaki, Nobuo Sakairi, Akimasa Iwado, Tatsuji Yasuda, Takao Koike, Dennis R. Voelker, Eiji Matsuura

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60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

β2-Glycoprotein I (β2-GPI) is a major antigen for anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL, Abs) present in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome. We recently reported that β2-GPI specifically binds to oxidized LDL (oxLDL) and that the β2-GPI's major ligand, oxLig-1 is 7-ketocholesteryl-9-carboxynonanoate (Kobayashi, K., E. Matsuura, Q. P. Liu, J. Furukawa, K. Kaihara, J. Inagaki, T. Atsumi, N. Sakairi, T. Yasuda, D. R. Voelker, and T. Koike. 2001. A specific ligand for β2-glycoprotein I mediates autoantibody-dependent uptake of oxidized low density lipoprotein by macrophages. J. Lipid Res. 42: 697-709). In the present study, we demonstrate that ω-carboxylated 7-ketocholesteryl esters are critical for β2-GPI binding. A positive ion mass spectrum of a novel ligand, designated oxLig-2, showed fragmented ions at m/z 383 and 441 in the presence of acetone, which share features of oxLig-1 and 7-ketocholesterol. In the negative ion mode, ions at m/z 627, 625, and 243 were observed. oxLig-2 was most likely 7-ketocholesteryl-12-carboxy (keto) dodecanoate. These ligands were recognized by β2-GPI. Liposome binding to macrophages was significantly increased depending on the ligand's concentration, in the presence of β2-GPI and an anti-β2-GPI Ab. Synthesized variant, 7-ketocholesteryl-13-carboxytridecanoate (13-COOH-7KC), also showed a significant interaction with β2-GPI and a similar binding profile with macrophages. Methylation of the carboxyl function diminished all of the specific ligand interactions with β2-GPI. Thus, ω-carboxyl variants of 7-ketocholesteryl esters can mediate anti-β2-GPI Ab-dependent uptake of oxLDL by macrophages, and autoimmune atherogenesis linked to β2-GPI interaction with oxLDL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1486-1495
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2002

Keywords

  • Antiphospholipid syndrome
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Autoantibody
  • Oxidized LDL
  • β-glycoprotein I
  • ω-oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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