γ-glutamyl transpeptidase of spermatozoa may decrease oocyte glutathione content at fertilization in pigs

Hiroaki Funahashi, Zoltan Machaty, Randall S. Prather, Billy N. Day

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The presence of γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) in boar spermatozoa and the potential role of the GGT at sperm penetration were examined using in vitro matured porcine oocytes. In the first experiment, GGT of boar spermatozoa was examined using a histochemical stain. GGT was detected in the midpiece and the acrosome regions of boar spermatozoa. In the second experiment, porcine oocytes matured in vitro were injected with approximately 40 pl of 10 mM HEPES solution alone or HEPES containing 0.5 U/ml GGT or 1 mM guanosine 5'-O-(3'-thiotriphosphate) (GTP-γ-S; G-protein activator). When GGT was injected into oocytes, the incidence of oocytes activated (23.7 ± 1.4%) was not different (P > 0.05) from HEPES-injected controls (24.9 ± 1.3%) at 6 h after injection. Injected GTP-γ-S, however, activated 76.0 ± 5.3% of oocytes at 6 h after injection, but extrusion of the second polar body was very low (2.8 ± 4.8%). Total content of glutathione (GSH) and glutathione disulfide (GSSG) did not differ (P > 0.05) between GTP-γ-S injected oocytes (4.2 ± 0.7 pmol/oocyte) and noninjected oocytes (4.0 ± 0.1 pmol/oocyte) at 6 h after injection. However, the total content of GSH and GSSG was lower (P < 0.01) in GGT-injected oocytes (2.1 ± 0.2 pmol/oocyte) than HEPES-injected oocytes (3.4 ± 0.2 pmol/oocyte) at 6 h after injection. In the third experiment, in vitro matured porcine oocytes were injected with about 40 pl of 10 mM HEPES solution alone or HEPES containing 0.5 U/ml GGT and then inseminated. At 12 h after insemination, the incidence of male pronuclear formation was significantly lower in oocytes injected with GGT as compared with injected control oocytes. These results demonstrated that (1) GGT was present on the surface of spermatozoa, (2) total oocyte content of GSH and GSSG was decreased by microinjection of GGT but not by that of GTP- γ-S, and (3) male pronuclear formation was inhibited in GGT-injected oocytes. These results suggest that sperm GGT may be a limiting factor for male pronuclear formation in polyspermic oocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-490
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Reproduction and Development
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • glutathione
  • male pronuclear formation
  • oocytes
  • pig
  • γ-Glutamyl transpeptidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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